Television Broadcasting Tutorial 8

HOW TO USE RADIO MICS

This tutorial offers tips and advice on how to use radio mics when recording audio for television. Below is a video tutorial from Sennheiser about how to use the radio mics they produce. These are commonly used across TV broadcasting.

When attaching this radio mic to the Sony V1, you should clip the receiver pack onto the interior belt of the hand strap, just in front of the velcro padding, using the belt clip provided (Picture 1 below).

How to strap radio mic receiver to the Sony V1

How to strap radio mic receiver to the Sony V1

Just like with the gun mic, you connect the radio mic to Input 1 (Picture 2 below). The only difference is that 48V phantom power has to be switched off, because too much power can damage the receiver pack (Picture 3). Remember to monitor audio levels to ensure a successful shoot (Picture 4).

Radio mic into Input 1

Radio mic into Input 1

Make sure 48V phantom power is switched off  on Channel 1

Make sure 48V phantom power is switched off on Channel 1

Check the audio level on Channel 1 before you press record and during the shoot

Check the audio level on Channel 1 before you press record and during the shoot

Television Broadcasting Tutorial 7

PIECES TO CAMERA

A Piece to Camera (PTC), also known as a Stand-Up, is one of the most important parts of a news story. Ideally, it’s a compelling mix of well-chosen words and strong visuals from a relevant location. The best PTCs are conversational yet authoritative, leading the viewer through the essential information of a news story. It shows the reporter in the middle of the story, at the heart of the action, and a TV audience connects with this personal touch.

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Television Broadcasting Tutorial 6

ONLINE VIDEO & VIDEO BLOGGING

Every broadcast journalist today should be multi-skilled. They’re expected to blog online about their stories and record video for online platforms. But when you’re recording content for an online audience, is it different? Are there new considerations for the traditional TV broadcast journalist?

The answer is yes. But first, let’s try to understand why online content is now so important. A survey in the United States revealed that more than half its adult population use the internet to watch or download video and that news is the second most popular online genre after comedy.

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Television Broadcasting Tutorial 5

HOW TO INTERVIEW FOR TELEVISION

Interviewing for television is different to print. You are still trying to gather factual information but the demands are not the same.

This is the view of one of our nation’s greatest TV interviewers, Michael Parkinson, in an article for the Telegraph:

“I think the real tip for interviewing is listening. And that’s the tough one. It’s easy doing a print interview, because you can be discursive, you can chat, you can ramble, and then you go back to your office and you shape it whichever way you want. It’s in your hands. You can’t do that with television, you’re stuck with what you’ve got. So you’ve got to actually think of it immediately as being a beginning, middle and an end, a story complete. That’s what you want from the person you’re talking to. But that also involves doing a lot of research, having it in your mind, but you must listen, because they might say something that you don’t expect.”

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Television Broadcasting Tutorial 4

HOW TO FILM TELEVISION SEQUENCES

Television sequences are the sentences and paragraphs of visual storytelling. Alongside a tight script, they drive a narrative, informing and entertaining the viewer. In the same way that a script complements what’s seen onscreen, so a sequence illustrates the information in a voiceover. They work in partnership and shouldn’t be created in isolation from each other.

Once a student fully grasps the powerful combination of a strong sequence and an engaging script, they’re well on the way to a successful career in television broadcasting.

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Television Broadcasting Tutorial 3

HOW TO FILM TV NEWS

RULE OF THIRDS & 180 DEGREE RULE

Now it’s time to talk about how to film for television. The basic principles of TV grammar that help you capture the images you need to tell your story.

As you will remember from Tutorial 2, the best TV news scripts complement the footage on screen. They work in partnership. And this also applies to scripts for other factual programme-making, including documentaries.

So when it comes to filming footage for your story, what are the important points to remember before going out with your camera?

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Television Broadcasting Tutorial 2

HOW TO PRODUCE A TV NEWS REPORT

So, where to start…

Firstly, let me explain the elements that come together to make up a TV news report. They are the following:

—  Piece to camera by reporter

—  Voiceover by reporter, with a script written to pictures

—  Interviews (2 or more)

—  B-roll footage to illustrate the interview

—  Natural sound

—  News angle

You’ve all seen TV news reports on a regular basis, so I’m sure this will make absolute sense to you. A reporter drives the narrative of the news story with a voiceover script and carefully selected soundbites from two or more interviews he/she has filmed. The reporter then uses an in-vision Piece to Camera (PTC) to make a key point about the story.

The best TV news stories combine sequences of powerful images with a voiceover script that complements what is being seen on screen. The core news values that drive all journalism are still at the centre of all you do in broadcast journalism. The news angle is the first thing you have to think about. What’s the story and why is it important to your audience? And that means answering the ‘five Ws’, of course. What happened, when and where it happened, who it happened to and why? Perhaps throw in a ‘how’ there too.

But then how you tell your story takes a different path to a print journalist…

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Television Broadcasting Tutorial 1

Teaching television broadcast skills to ensure journalism and media students are future proof in a multi-skilled media industry

Television broadcasting is the most wonderful, dynamic, vibrant, frustrating, demanding, rewarding and all-consuming of industries. For me, there is simply no better feeling than delivering a finished programme for transmission. Be it a 60-second news item or a 60-minute documentary, the feeling is always the same; one of accomplishment, excitement and sheer relief, in equal measure.

Now, if you’re reading this, chances are that you may also want to sample that feeling and enter TV broadcasting. So can I take this chance to say good choice… and good luck! This blog will offer you a few tips to get you started on the path to your chosen career, drawing on content from lessons I have given at Harlow College to degree and NCTJ students.

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